Today, the physical workplace acts as one of an organizations’ greatest tools for implementing business strategy, second only to talent, by supporting a business’s goals, driving the organization forward and creating the culture that defines the organization. A strategic, specific, and evolving change management plan can act as the user manual that aligns these impactful tools, talent and workplace, to create a high-functioning organization.
When an organization embarks on a journey of physical change, they can choose to maximize that opportunity to impact the culture and operations of their organization as well. Strategy and change management together play an integral role when transforming an organization as a whole. The design process begins with strategy, focusing on understanding the organization’s business drivers and creating the business case for change. This requires implementation through a robust change management process in order for the workplace to realize its full potential. Future thinking business drivers are compared to the current workplace, enlightening the gap between “where are we now?” and “what do we aspire to be?” to define the needs of a change management program. Through the change management process:
The components of an organization are assessed
Inhibitors or enablers to change are explored
Change is managed through communications
Performance metrics are established to assess, monitor and modify the change management plan as needed.
In October of 2016, our SmithGroup Chicago Office transitioned to an agile, un-assigned work environment in order to support our business drivers. In an agile workplace, our Chicago employees have the flexibility to select the space and typology that best suits their various individual tasks, teamwork and collaboration throughout the day. As we shifted from traditional assigned workstations to an agile, un-assigned work environment, the change management plan acted as the key to unlocking the success of the design – providing employees insight into the formation of their new workplace strategy, unrolling operational protocol, the Framework, for using the new space and defining cultural values to propel the office to the forefront of collaboration and innovation.
The design and strategy team uncovered enablers (attributes about the change that excite and empower employees) and inhibitors (concerns about the change that need to be addressed prior to move-in). Overall, employees were open-minded and supported the shift to more collaboration and less structure; but inhibitors were identified as there was apprehension about specific operational tasks – where to store stuff, both personal and project related, how to find a colleague in an unassigned workplace, and the perception of loss of “ownership” over the workspace if one did not have an assigned desk.
Ultimately, through various activities – a series of town hall meetings which invited all staff to help craft solutions, change champion workshops to ensure key players were well informed on specifics about the change, engagement activities such as tours of other agile offices, weekly email blasts, and the creation and roll out of the agile office framework – employees took ownership of the change and worked through inhibitors and apprehensions to prepare for a successful transition to agile working.
Regarding the most common inhibitor – “stuff” – it was determined each employee would be assigned a locker for their personal affects (i.e. purse, shoes, notebooks, laptop) and project storage (i.e. drawings, finishes, schedules) would be centrally located for all project team members at the team pod. To gain thorough support from employees, a series of change management activities such as a locker mockup, team discussions around where personally-owned reference materials would reside, and pre-move testing of mobile personal storage options, helped to craft a universally-approved solution for “stuff” that yielded a successful outcome on day one in the agile office.
A culmination of the series of activities and discussions, the office framework acts as an owner’s manual for employees, providing insight into the formulation of the agile office and serves as a working guide to help employees get the most out of their new workplace setting. The framework includes a description of each work typology (i.e. collaboration workstation pod, phone rooms, the all-staff lunch space, etc.) and the “rules,” or framework, associated with those spaces. The “Quiet Car,” for example, is an open workstation area where it is culturally understood employees should not be disturbed because the space is a focus, heads down work area. The framework suggests there is no eating and no talking in this space. There are also more general guidelines and scenarios depicted to describe daily tasks such as finding and choosing a workplace, using instant messaging software to find fellow team members throughout the office and how to pack up at the end of the day.