But why subversive? According to George Aye of Greater Good Studio, a Chicago design consultancy that works exclusively with mission-driven organizations, designers are empowered by clients (such as governments and corporations) to effect change at the level of the city, for good and naught. “Because we work in the shadow of someone else’s power asymmetry, we actually might make things worse without realizing it,” Aye explained. Pushing back requires a nuanced understanding of power structures that too often go unquestioned—particularly in the building industry—and how to navigate around them.
Much of the panel discussion centered on ways to dilute assumed consensus. By reappraising prevailing attitudes in contemporary design, for instance, we might see how other cultures and building traditions are marginalized or discounted. Robert Benson, a design principal at CannonDesign, recalled how once while working on a college student center project he was challenged by a Native American student: “Why is every space on campus rectilinear?”
Such exclusionary biases are often naturalized and naively perpetuated. For example, the profusion of ultra-social work spaces—those with bleacher seating, slides, and ping-pong tables—may not be an indicator of contemporary ways of working they are trumped up to be. Rather, “these workspaces say, ‘You should be extroverted, because that’s the kind of power we reward,’” observed Natasha Krol, principal of Mind Share Partners, which studies how workplaces can foster better mental health. “The folks in power are probably quite extroverted, because it’s the type of intelligence we tend to reward.”
Forming a useful sense of design empathy means engaging with as wide a spectrum of potential users as possible, the panelists agreed. In an education context, for example, that process could include individuals in a racial minority who might not feel welcome in a space or young users who wouldn’t otherwise have a say in the design process. “It drives me crazy how much we demote and devalue lived experiences in contrast to learned experiences,” said Aye, of Greater Good Studio.